The dusty town of Sharpeville has seen much history, from the massacre of peaceful protesters to the signing of the new Constitution of a democratic country. We look at the timeline of a place written into the history books.
South Africa's ground-breaking Bill of Rights is widely regarded as one of the most progressive in the world. All South Africans should know their rights, and respect the rights of fellow citizens. Read the full text of the Bill of Rights.
On 9 August 1956, 20 000 voices cried out: "You strike a woman, you strike a rock". South Africa's women had spoken, saying they were neither meek nor mild, but the bedrock on which their communities were founded, and they would not let their freedoms be trespassed upon.
Homesick, yet forbidden to return home, Nat Nakasa died alone in New York. He was just 29 years old. Forty-nine years later his remains are returning to be reburied near his hometown, and South Africa remembers his transcendental writing, his successful bid to have black voices heard, and his dark, pathos-laden humour.
Sitting astride a ridge on the northern edge of Joburg's inner city, Constitution Hill is a symbol of how far South Africa has come. Once a notorious prison filled with anti-apartheid activists, it is now the seat of the highest court in the land, where freedom, democracy and justice are defended.